A start foam cutter may be a tool wont to cut styrene foam and similar materials. The device consists of a skinny, taut metal wire, usually manufactured from nickel alloy or chrome steel, or a thicker wire preformed into a desired form, that is heated via electrical phenomenon to just about two hundred °C (390 °F). because the wire is had the fabric to be cut, the warmth from the wire vaporises the fabric simply ahead of contact.
The depth of the cut is restricted solely by the wire length. dimension of cut is restricted by throat, if any.
Types of wire used：
Preformed, manually or with pliers.
Tensioned, command tight by a frame with springs or (equivalently) by a bow. several indicate a preference for single-strand chrome steel wire over nickel alloy wire, in diameters starting from zero.008 in (0.20 mm) to zero.020 in (0.51 mm) for frame-tensioned cutters. device strings and leader wire used for fishing lures square measure pronto accessible and cheap. business cutting instrumentality usually uses the nickel-based alloy wire Rene forty one, a high-strength alloy that maintains most of its lastingness at cutting temperatures.
Foams appropriate for start cutting：
All thermofusible dilated foams. this implies those materials that soften at a comparatively low temperature:
Expanded styrene (blocks of dilated white balls).
Extruded styrene (in blue, green, gray, pink or purple sleek plates, reckoning on the manufacturer).
Polymethacrylimide denseness rigid foam (Rohacell), glorious mechanical properties however terribly pricey.
Flexible dilated plastic foams, ideal for shock protective.
Polyethylene foams, versatile and tear resistant.
Custom materials, like the foams employed in versatile fuel tanks to cut back explosion risks.
A preformed wire is connected to a handle. The operator manually guides the wire through the froth to chop freeform shapes.
A short tensioned wire is connected to a handle. The operator manually guides the wire through the froth to chop freeform shapes.
Simple manual table
Hot wire foam cutting tables will use a vertical or a horizontal wire, sometimes with a horizontal table used as a guide or for securing the froth work piece.
A table with a vertical wire is principally employed by hobbyists to chop little and sophisticated shapes like letters. solely prismatic members are often cut on this sort of table.
Tables with horizontal wires square measure heavily employed in construction and packaging. The cutting wire is connected to tracks on either aspect of the table enabling it to be touched up and down creating cuts terribly precise. This table kind also can perform angular cuts.
Template-guided manual table
A horizontal-wire manual table that uses templates placed on both sides of a foam block to guide a taut hot wire to create a prismatic or tapered form. the recent wire, tensioned with a bow or by springs connected to a rigid frame, are often propelled through the froth by hand or with a twine and machine mechanism connecting every finish of the recent wire to a weight. This technique is wide utilized by hobbyists to supply foam cores for model aeroplane wings.
Template-guided cutter accuracy is extremely obsessed on operator talent at fixturing the froth and guiding the recent wire on the templates. Accuracy is additionally full of the preciseness to that the templates square measure shaped and correct assessment and handling of kerf.
Push through slicer
A vertical or close to horizontal frame contains a group of equally spaced parallel tensioned cutting wires. huge blocks of froth square measure pushed through the frame on rollers or by gravity, therefore slicing them into sheets that square measure sold as "bead-boards" for general use in construction work etc. The blocks square measure target-hunting therefore very little talent is required by the operator. The frame holding the wires is commonly a expendable and or adjustable unit therefore the spacing are often modified.
This allows a spread of plate thicknesses and sizes to be created while not the price of high-priced molds for every size, because the blocks square measure created in customary "block form" machines that turn out blocks of trade customary sizes (such as zero.5 x one x a pair of m). to supply plates shorter than the standard length of the huge blocks, the blocks square measure merely pre-cut to the specified length before slicing. This technique may be a common manner of creating the EPS (Styrofoam/Styropor) sheets employed in construction.
Computer numerically controlled
Computer numerical controlled (CNC) stages on both sides of a block of froth guide a tensioned hot wire to create a prismatic or tapered form. this can be a four degree of freedom CNC system (one every X and Y on both sides of the froth block).
Accuracy is full of the preciseness of the stepper motors, backlash of drive systems, and stiffness of the races supporting the tip effectors that hold the tensioned wire.
Some CNC start cutters supply shaper attachments, which might be used with either stretched or preformed wire. shaper attachments permit cutting of spiral shapes, and square measure usually wont to produce concrete forms for decorative and structural things, like planters and way balusters and newels.